IMA Source Catalog

Gathering all the sources for historical Irish martial culture in one place.

Knife and Bata a blow up from the Harpers Weekly 1871

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January 28, 2009 Posted by | knife, political cartoons | Leave a comment

Harpers Weekly 1871

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January 28, 2009 Posted by | as crime, Faction fight descriptions, political cartoons | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

New York Times November 10, 1895 p. 30

IRISH FACTION FIGHTS – From the Westminster Review. The Origin of these senseless, brutal, and cruel conflicts is more or less shrouded in obscurity. It is abundantly clear that neither politics nor religion had anything to say in the matter. They probably originated in ‘hurling matches,’ a species of hockey, once a favored amusement among the youth of Munster on Sundays and holidays after “last mass.” These matches were generally played between neighboring parishes or counties, in some large convenient field or on a bit of “commonage.” The matches naturally caused a good deal of rivalry and jealously; disputes, of course, were inevitable, and it was only natural than a hot-blooded Tipperary gorsoon, finding himself getting the worst of an argument with a Limerick logician, should have recourse to the unanswerable and readier argument of the stick. The “hurley,” “common” or crooked stick used in the game was especially adapted for this species of argument; and judiciously applied, as a rule, immediately silenced an opponent. A ponderous “shillelagh” waved aloft, a piercing “whoop,” a dull thud, and a groan were the signals for a general scrimmage. In a twinkling, the whole filed was a seething, yelling mass of ferocious, wild-eyed, skull-cracking demons.

Such contests took tremendously and grew rapidly in popularity. By degrees a petty quarrel become a matter of well neigh national importance, and whole parishes and baronies took it up and vindicated their champion’s honor whenever opportunity permitted and then fates were propitious. Every male, and, indeed, may old ones, too, were members of some faction or another and thus year after year and generation after generation, the feud grew and throve, and not a man knew what on earth he was fighting for. The leading factions in County Limerick were the “Three-Year-Olds,” and the “Four-Year-Olds,” so called because of a petty dispute as to the age of a bull in the remote past. In County Waterford the factions were called the “Shawnavests” and the “Corrawats,” while in Tipperary the “Magpies” and the “Blackhens” were the most notorious. Although, of course, the women were non-combatants, never the less they belonged to one faction or another, and, did an opportunity present itself for wreaking vengeance, neither sex nor age afforded the least protection. Chivalry, sad to relate, was conspicuous by its absence.

January 28, 2009 Posted by | Faction fight descriptions, Old Newspaper clippings | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

New York Times January 20, 1878 p. 4

January 20, 1878 p. 4

 

A BRAVE TROOPER – When gallant Ponsonby lay grievously wounded on the field of Waterloo, he forgot his own desperate plight while watching an encounter between a couple of French lancers and one of his own men, cut off from his troop. As the Frenchmen came down upon Murphy, he, using his sword as if it were a shillelagh, knocked their lances alternately aside again and again. The suddenly setting spurs to his horse, he galloped in hot pursuit, but not quite neck and neck. Wheeling round at exactly the right moment, the Irishman, rushing at the foremost fellow, parried his lance and struck him down. The second, pressing on to avenge his comrade, was cut through diagonally by Murphy’s sword, falling to the earth without a cry or a groan; while the victor, scarcely glancing at his handiwork, trotted off whistling “The Grinder.” — Chambers’s Journal.

January 28, 2009 Posted by | Old Newspaper clippings, other weapon, prowess | , , , | Leave a comment

New York Times December 5, 1857

Version:1.0 StartHTML:0000000168 EndHTML:0000001857 StartFragment:0000000489 EndFragment:0000001840ERIE RAILROAD STRIKE. Two Hundred Men Discharged at Peirmont – They Drive Off New Employees. Twenty-Five Metroploitan Volunteers Dispatched to the Scene of Riot. THE RIOTERS ARMED WITH MUSKETS AND CANNONS.

 

…Heedless of their threats, however, the Superintendent came to the city and hired two hundred laborers, who were got together and sent ip to Piermont on Thursday. They found upon their arrival the whole place up in arms and ready to give them a warm reception. They attempted to land but were warned off, but being placed alongside the dock by the steamboat there was bo alternative but to land and vindicate their claim to hold the place against the rebels. Clubs, stones, and missles of all kinds were now put in requisition, adnt he invanding and repelling forces were joined in a fierce contest. The new comers were seized and pitched into the dock, they were pummeled with shillelaghs and fists until they were obliged to beat a retreat. They entrenched themselves on board the boat, put their wounded under the care of the surgeon, (the cook,) and waited for thte steamer to carry them back to the City…

January 28, 2009 Posted by | as crime, Faction fight descriptions, Old Newspaper clippings, pugilism | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cavan Observer September 3, 1864

ASSAULT

Thomas M’KEON summoned James REEHILL for an assault. The case had been postponed on a previous day in consequence of the complainant being unable to attend….

Thomas M’KEON examined by Mr. M’Gauran–Lives in Ballanacarry; on the 18th of August last was lifting flax off the spread, and drawing it with a horse and cart; was passing by a meadow where REEHILL was mowing; on coming up to him bid him “the time of the day;” he replied that he would not allow any one to speak to him who had threatened to break his bones; I said I had never threatened to do so; he then jumped out on the road and struck at me with his fist; I warded off the blow as best I could; he then kicked me….In about an hour I began to feel the effects of the kicks…….

The Bench ordered Reehill to pay a fine of 10s and costs.

January 27, 2009 Posted by | as crime, court, kicking, Old Newspaper clippings, pugilism | , | Leave a comment

Cavan Observer March 3, 1860

Patrick MONAGHAN, appellant; Sub-Inspector WEIR, respondent.

In this case the appellant had been sentenced to two months’ imprisonment, at the Ballyjamesduff Petty Sessions, for an assault upon the respondent, who is Sub Inspector of Constabulary at Ballyjamesduff.

Messrs. James and John Armstrong appeared for the appellant. Mr. S. Knipe appeared for the respondent and briefly stated the case.

Sub-Inspector WEIR was then called and examined.–On the 10th of January I was sitting in my own house; it was between 5 and 6 o’clock; I heard a row in the street opposite my house; I ran out and saw several persons fighting; MONAGHAN and a man named CRUMMY appeared to be the worst; they were in grips, fighting; I ran over, and caught each of them by the throat and told them they should come with me; CRUMMY’s wife told him not to resist; she said “for God’s sake go quietly;” MONAGHAN resisted and struck me several times with his fist….James M’GEBNEY deposed he was looking on during the assault on Mr. WEIR, and previously, saw CURRY and MONAGHAN fighting; they were fighting when Mr. WEIR ran out; saw MONAGHAN strike Mr. WEIR several blows…

Thomas CRUMMY examined by Mr. Armstrong–Is a broguemaker, and on the night of the row was quarrelling with another broguemaker, named COLWELL; it wasn’t a fight–only an argument about trade. Here Mr. CRUMMY turned and poured forth a torrent of vituperation upon the previous witness, calling him a thief, a robber, &c., and shouting that he (Mr. C) had to be constantly watching his potatoes to prevent him from stealing them……He was at length interrupted by the Chairman, who inquired if he knew where the gaol was?

January 27, 2009 Posted by | as crime, court, Old Newspaper clippings, pugilism, wrestling | , , , | Leave a comment

Cavan Observer July 5, 1862

Thomas M’GINNELL and two brothers named GALLIGAN were charged with having assaulted Pat. GAFFNEY, on Tuesday, the 10th of June. GAFFNEY’s informations stated that on the 10th of June he was in SHERIDAN’s public house in this town, and saw the prisoners disputing about drink with the servant girl; M’GINNELL was about to strike the girl for taking off his cap, and he interfered to protect her, upon which some angry words passed between himself and M’GINNELL; on his way home in the evening he was overtaken by the prisoners and some others near Lough Bray, and severely beaten by them; they struck him with sticks, knocked him down, kicked him, broke two of his teeth, and M’GINNELL struck him with a loaded butt. In his informations GAFFNEY fully identified the prisoners, but now he appeared to be troubled with a bad memory, and did all in his power to screen them from punishment by asserting that he could not identify them as his assailants. Vain were all attempts to induce him to give a direct answer to any question, and it was only under the threat of having his recognizance estreated he was induced to identify M’GINNELL. A young man named Patrick REILLY, summoned by the police, and who had witnessed the assault, fully identified M’GINNELL and one of the GALLIGANs; the other he was not sure of. Constable NOLAN, of Crosskeys, proved that he searched for the prisoners several times, but they evaded justice until lately…..The Court considered the charge proved against M’GINNELL and one of the GALLIGANs, and sentenced them to one month’s imprisonment, with hard labour. The other prisoner received the “benefit of the doubt,” and the Chairman rebuked GAFFNEY for his attempt to defeat the ends of justice. GAFFNEY had to pay for the stamps, and REILLY was allowed 3s expenses.

January 27, 2009 Posted by | as crime, kicking, Old Newspaper clippings | , , , | Leave a comment

BALLINA CHRONICLE Wednesday, July 3, 1850

At Galway Petty Sessions Mr. Thomas Hardy prosecuted Mr. Frederick P. Knight for having struck him with a stick and afterwards kicked him. The magistrates find the offender 2l. or a month’s imprisonment. Mr. Knight paid the fine and left the court. Shortly after Mr. Hardy returned to complain that immediately after going out Mr. Knight called him a “cowardly ruffian” and spat in his face. The magistrate having ordered Mr. Knight to be again brought up fined him 5l. or two months’ imprisonment.

January 27, 2009 Posted by | as crime, kicking, Old Newspaper clippings | , , , | Leave a comment

Cavan Observer 1864

LOCAL NEWS

MANSLAUGHTER IN THE COUNTY CAVAN–It is our painful duty to detail another case in which ungovernable passion, prompting the use of a dreadful weapon, known as a “loaded butt” has eventuated in the taking of life. The facts and circumstances of the present case, as transpired at the coroner’s inquest, appear to be, that a man, named Matthew FARRELLY, who resided between Bailieborough and Shercock, was, on the evening of the 11th ult., drinking in the public-house of William SLOANE, at Shercock. Farrelly was in conversation with a girl, when two men, named Daniel MARRON and Owen M’KENNA entered the house. Some altercation took place between the parties, when Marron struck Farrelly with a stick loaded with lead, and knocked him down. Whilst on the ground, Marron and his companion, M’Kenna, beat their victim so as to render him insensible, and from the effects of which he remained unconscious up to the hour of his death, which took place on the 26th ult. The coroner’s jury returned a verdict of manslaughter against Marron and M’Kenna, and they were committed to the county gaol to abide their trial at the forthcoming assizes. Our local magistrates have had frequently to comment on the use of this dreadful weapon–a “loaded butt”; and not long since, Mr. Thompson remarked that he would rather defend himself from a loaded pistol than a “loaded butt.” It is time that the use of these deadly instruments should be put a stop to.

January 27, 2009 Posted by | as crime, description of sticks, Old Newspaper clippings, prowess | , | Leave a comment